آثار النّزاع

Traces of the Conflict

Hamada Elrasam

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"Kids have a different understanding of what they experience, and they get psychologically affected by different things than adults" - Eman Gaber, psychiatrist and leader of a rehabilitation program for traumatized children.

This project explores how post-conflict trauma affects children, both mentally and emotionally, from all sides involved in the conflict.

In the wake of the 2011 uprising in Egypt and the ousting of longstanding president Hosni Mubarak, the country continues to exist in a political vacuum. Islamic groups, secular parties, and the Egyptian military are all vying for political power. Uncertainty and anxiety over the future has generated ongoing political protests throughout the country and violence and criminal activities persist.

Egypt

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Tarek Tito, age 21, is an activist. His younger brother, Mahmoud, age 17, has been detained for wearing a t-shirt with the revolutionary slogan. Mahmoud's trial is pending and he has spent more than 400 days in prison. "My brother used to help me in my political activities," says Tarek, "his dream was to be over 18, so he could participate in political life, like going to the polling stations. He is achieving his dream now from jail."

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10-year-old Abanoub Samaan Nazmy, stands by the balcony at his house in Manshyyat Nasser, East Cairo, Egypt.

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Abanoub Samaan Nazmy, age 10, holds a plastic pistol, and Nijar Samaan Nazmy, age 9, reacts while playing to Mar Girgis's religious poster in the sitting room of their home in Manshyyat Nasser, East Cairo, Egypt.

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Adham Ehab Anwer, age 13, studies geometry against the backdrop of a portrait of his father, a police officer who was killed defending Kerdasa Police Station against Islamists. "I want to be a military engineer to invent anti-terrorism devices." There likely there will such jobs given the recent Anti-Terrorism legislation issued by Sisi.

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Adham Ehab Anwar stands behind a waterfall decoration after swimming training in Hadayek Al-Ahram club in 6th of October city in Giza, Egypt, Thursday, Oct 23, 2014.

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Bereaved friends and family members at the morgue of Zynhom, in Cairo, Egypt. Sunday, Feb 8, 2015. Nearly 30 dead and 20 injured during the final match between Zamalek and Inby.

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Muslim brotherhood lawyers attend Al-Zuhr prayers while police soldiers are having tea during a trial break in the Police institute in Tura, South Cairo, Egypt on Monday, Nov 3, 2014. 188 defendants have been charged by the prosecution for breaking into a Kerdasa police station, heavily armed with automatic guns and RPGs, and killing 12 policemen including 5 high ranking officers.

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A poster for policeman Ehab Anwar on his favorite armchair in his house in October City, Egypt. On August 14, 2013, security forces fired tear gas, rubber bullets, birdshot, and live ammunition to disperse pro-Muslim Brotherhood sit-ins at Cairo’s Rabea al-Adaweya Square and Giza's Al-Nahda Square, killing an estimated 1,000 protesters.

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Anas Ehab Anwar with his dog Paolo in his building in October City west Giza, Egypt. Anwar’s father was a policeman who was killed in an attack on a police station after the bloody security force breakup of Islamist sit-ins in Cairo in 2013.

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Defendants of the Port Said football match massacre in a cage during their trial in the Police Academy in New Cairo.

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Abanoub Samaan Nazmy, age 10, wears a shirt hood and acts like a riot police solider while walking with his mother Hania Khela to school in their neighborhood in Manshyyat Nasser, East Cairo, Egypt.

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Jana Amr Elbana, a 5-year-old girl whose father supported the Muslim Brotherhood and was shot to death protesting in 2014, picks her eye at her grandparents house in Badrashin south Giza, Egypt.

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Youstina, age 9, gazes past a picture of the Virgin Mary at one of two photographs of her father. On March 8, 2011, as he protested outside Maspero over Atfeeh’s church burning, her father was allegedly shot dead by military snipers. “I’d like to be a painter like him, because I love his paintings,” she says, “and to go heaven with him.”

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Ultras-Nahdawy, a hooligan group that is allied to the Muslim Brotherhood, light fireworks during an anti-coup march in Badrashin, South Giza, Egypt on Friday, Dec 19, 2014. The majority of Ultras-Nahdawy members are teenagers and young boys.

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Adham Ehab Anwer at the end of football training in Al-Ashgar club in 6th October city in Giza, Egypt. Thursday, Nov 6, 2014.

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Abdo Elmasry is waiting to eat lunch while Jihad helps her mother prepare the food for him in their house in old Cairo. In August 2013, Jihad’s father alleged that the Muslim Brotherhood smashed a display of his stone-carved sculptures inside Tahrir Square, and then tased and beat him to the ground. Jihad saw the attack, and remembers thinking, “he is dead.” Now Jihad says, "I dream to be a police officer and to inspect women in veils."

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Jana Amr Elbana, a 5-year-old girl, lays on a couch in her grandparents house in Badrashin, South Giza, Egypt. She is beneath ] a poster for her father Amr Elbana who supported the Muslim Brotherhood and was shot and killed while protesting in 2014.

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Adham, age 13, smiles at the mirror that reflects a painting of his father. On August 14, 2013, Islamists allegedly attacked Giza’s Kerdasa police station, and shot dead 11 policemen, including Adham’s father, while looting and setting the building ablaze. Saluting with one hand, and holding a wrench in the other, he says, “I want to be a military engineer to invent anti-terrorism devices.”

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Abdo Elmasry is waiting to eat lunch while Jihad helps her mother prepare the food for him in their house in old Cairo. In August 2013, Jihad’s father alleged that the Muslim Brotherhood smashed a display of his stone-carved sculptures inside Tahrir Square, and then tased and beat him to the ground. Jihad saw the attack, and remembers thinking, “he is dead.” Now Jihad says, "I dream to be a police officer and to inspect women in veils."

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Bereaved families check for their relatives names at the morgue of Zynhom in Cairo, Egypt on Sunday, Feb 8, 2015. Nearly 30 dead and 20 injured during the final match between Zamalek and Inby.

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Janna Amru El-Banna laughs while she is looking at some of her father’s photos in the family home in Badrashin, South Giza, Egypt on Friday, Dec 20, 2014. Her father, Amru El-Banna, was killed near the high court in downtown Cairo.

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Abanoub, 10, rests on a couch, raising the TV volume, while his sister Nijar reacts to it, in their family’s living room. On March 8, 2011, a few days after Salafi fundamentalists reportedly burned down a Coptic church in Atfeeh, south Cairo, his father was allegedly shot dead by military snipers outside of Cairo’s Maspero state TV building while taking part in a protest for state protection against violence.

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A scratched spongebob wall poster at Jana's grandparents house in Badrashin, South Giza, Egypt.

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Mother Hania Khela (left), Nijar Samaan Nazmy (center), and Abanoub Samaan Nazmy (right) in their home in Manshyyat Nasser. On March 8, 2011, a few days after Salafi fundamentalists reportedly burned down a Coptic church in Atfeeh, South Cairo, their father, Samaan Nazmy, was allegedly shot dead by military snipers outside of Cairo’s Maspero state TV building while taking part in a protest for state protection against violence.

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Abanoub Samaan Nazmy, age 10, gazes across his dead father's poster. On March 8, 2011, a few days after Salafi fundamentalists reportedly burned down a Coptic church in Atfeeh, south Cairo, his father, Samaan Nazmy, was allegedly killed by military snipers while taking part in a protest. Holding the barrel of a plastic handgun, Abanoub says, “I want to be a police officer, and I can kill whoever killed my father."

Hamada Elrasam

Egypt

Hamada Elrasam is an Egyptian documentary photographer who has covered humanitarian stories in Rwanda, Lebanon, and Egypt for Al-Masry Al-Youm, the Associated Press, and Voice of America. His work has focused primarily on freedom protests and human rights issues. In 2012 he was the first place winner of the Egypt Press Photo award from the Egyptian Photojournalist Society. His work has been exhibited in Egypt and abroad.

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